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Tuesday, May 26, 2020

Cinematographer Vittorio Storaro on 'Apocalypse Now'

HBO has just added Francis Ford Coppola’s 1979 "Apocalypse Now" to its online streaming platform. I saw a 4K restoration of the film in 2017 at the George Eastman Museum in Rochester, New York, where cinematographer Vittorio Storaro was being honored and actually presented the film. In this clip, he talks about when co-producer Fred Roos first approached him with Coppola’s offer. At first, Storaro didn’t think that he was the right person for the project, but after some research into Coppola’s vision for the film, he realized that it would be the opportunity of a lifetime. 

Watch a clip from his presentation..


“He sent Fred Roos – he’s a co-producer – to Rome in 1975 to ask me to be part of the incredible journey of “Apocalypse Now.” I was surprised about that proposal. In fact, I said to Fred Roos, ‘Why me? What do I have to do with a war movie between America and Vietnam? I feel uneasy. I feel it’s not my place. In Italy, I usually do movies with Bertolucci and many other directors about personal, intimate stories.’ Francis was fantastic. He said, ‘I understand you, but don’t worry. This is not a war movie. This is a movie about civilization. Please read a little novel by Joseph Conrad called “Heart of Darkness,” and you will understand the concept that I would like to bring to the movie.’ I read the book and though, Oh my God, he’s right, this is something that also belongs to my journey. This is something that is part of my own thought because it’s a universal concept. The concept of Conrad was when one culture or one civility goes on top of another culture, and makes an act of violence. Francis told me, ‘I want to say the truth.’ And this is perfect because we are using artificial light and artificial color on top of natural light and natural color, and it was making a kind of visual conflict– exactly what the concept of the picture is about.” 

Click here to stream the film on HBO. You have to be a subscriber to access the film. The 4K restoration is also available on Amazon Prime. Click on the image below to stream it. 

Wednesday, May 20, 2020

Director Mo Scarpelli Talks About the Making of Her New Documentary

As so many film festivals are turning to online streaming platforms these days, the films in their lineups are more accessible worldwide. One example is Mo Scarpelli’s new documentary, “El Father Plays Himself,” which premiered online last month at Visions de Réel. The next opportunity to see this fascinating film will be at the Krakow Film Festival’s virtual cinema platform on June 2.

“El Father Plays Himself” is a film about the making of a film. Scarpelli followed Venezuelan director Jorge Thielen Armand through the country's Amazon jungle to document the shooting of his latest film, “La Fortaleza.” Inspired by Armand’s eccentric father, Jorge Roque Thielen, the young filmmaker cast him in the lead role. Scarpelli chronicles the tumultuous film set and emotional journey of getting the film shot, which proved to be no small feat.

This deeply intimate portrait of the relationship between a father and son is an emotional rollercoaster recalling the past while bringing to light heartaches, trials and triumphs. Thielen appears as a man who has tried to do the right thing in the life but has at times lost his way. He is a free-spirited, wild at heart character who loves his family but has been forced to deal with his own demons throughout his life. Among those demons is alcoholism, a lifelong battle that still gets the best of him. 

Perhaps the most striking element of the film is Armand’s calm demeanor in the face of extreme chaos on the set. It’s a trait of his personality Thielen visibly appreciates. In the midst of his own drama and emotional breakdowns, he can always turn to his son for stability. His son has become his rock because he accepts his father and loves him despite everything. Thielen knows this and feels loved. This is what is so touching about their relationship and was so beautifully captured by Scarpelli. 

Among the most poignant scenes is a conversation between a makeup artist and Thielen when she asks him questions about his relationship with his son. It was one of many brutally honest moments of the film.

“What kind of father were you really?”
"I did everything you shouldn’t do with a son."

“Has Jorge always been this calm?”
“Well, I really don’t know him in his daily life.”


The quality I appreciate most in this film is how it takes you into another world but at the same time, makes you reflect and equate the story to your own life and circumstances. Watching this father/son relationship as it unfolds will lead you to  reflect on your own relationship with your father. The film stays with you long after it ends, which is why I felt the need to contact the director and ask her many questions, not only about the compelling story but also about the technicalities of shooting a documentary in the middle of the Amazon rainforest. She shot the film with a Sony A7SII, which she said, “held up pretty good in the jungle,” and edited on Adobe Premiere. She was very gracious and generous with her time in answering all of my questions.

First, how did you meet the director and his father, how did this documentary come about?
Jorge is my fiancé; we met at the Berlinale in 2018. When Jorge decided to go back to Venezuela to make his film “La Fortaleza,” I asked if I could come along — to meet his family, to get to know a place I had secretly been dreaming about going to since I first saw pictures as a kid, to learn Spanish, to see how he ran a narrative film set (I had never been on one; my docs have had fictional elements but never full sets). Jorge asked, since I was going anyway, if I wanted to shoot a “making of” of his film production, as it had many precarious elements like securing uncontrolled locations in illegal gold mines; working in Venezuela when the country was experiencing a complete economic collapse; filming with his enigmatic and unpredictable father. I loved Les Blank’s “Burden of Dreams,” so said, sure. But when we got to Venezuela, I found I was completely bored by the external dramas of making a fiction film. I didn’t care about lights and cameras and permissions to shoot in locations... then I met Father. He didn’t care about that stuff either. He started training to be the lead actor. I watched as him learn to channel his real emotions into scenes his son had written, I saw and felt a sort of deep unrest inside Father which he seemed ready to put out there for and with his own son — then I saw the film I actually wanted to make. One focused on a father/son relationship which has been flipped on its head by the cinematic process, and how far they would take one another in that, and what that might reveal to me about the human being.

There are moments when your camera seems to influence scenes. For example, in the office before the shoot started when Father was upset about his contract and then in the restaurant when he was happy but seemed conscious of being filmed.. Do you think that your presence and the filming of your documentary influenced his behavior in regard to his performance on and off the set?
I think it's more that Jorge (director) never really forgets about my presence because he and I are very close before/without the camera. So, there is a consciousness there which is hard for him to not have, about me. Father is different - we formed a relationship with the camera there for a lot of it, and I think Father largely was himself quite easily forgot about the camera, or me, as the relationship we had started to feel natural with me always watching him. My camera influenced Jorge more, which is interesting, because he himself likes to try to get those in front of his camera to be "natural" but he had a hard time feeling uninhibited in that way. 


The makeup artist mentioned Jorge's calm demeanor. I noticed this right away about him. What impressed me is that he maintained his calm throughout everything. Do you have insight into how he prepared himself emotionally ahead of filming? 
Honestly, Jorge is just like this as a person. It's shocking to me sometimes, and was while I was shooting “El Father” because it's very foreign to me, to non-react to strong things being thrown at you. We have a joke that someday, he'll snap and throw a chair on set. But he doesn't. When he's upset, he internalizes; he turns inward; and as a director of a film trying to hold everything together, I think he was even more cautious than he would be in life because he wanted to make sure he could actually see this film through with his father.

I’m wondering how he remained so calm in the face of so many emotions at play. I’m also wondering if seeing his father so intoxicated, even when it was part of the scene, had any impact on him in the moment. He really seemed to take everything in stride.
What I learned with time is that Jorge is used to his father, he knows his father very well for not having spent most of his life with him. He kind of knows what to expect, and to also roll with the unexpected, because it has always been that way. He never said this out loud to me; it's something I learned over kind of studying him in “El Father.”

With that said, my interpretation is that the making of his film was a testament to the love he has for his father.. and a desire to give meaning to the meanderings of his father’s youth— he didn’t want his father's choices, good and bad, to be taken in vain. ( Please tell me if I'm way off here!) One can see just in the way he looks at his father that he adores him. You caught this so well with your camera… which leads me to the next question..
I agree!

What did you want to tell or show about their relationship through the way you shot them, often focusing on one with the other in sight, catching some tender moments during the chaos?
I think family is incredible; whether we love or hate them, family is our best chance to be known. We take so many liberties, we become so raw, we stay so much who we were as children, with our families because they have that historical knowledge of us that no one else in the world does or can, no matter how hard they try. This is thorny. It hurts, too, because we see our worst selves in the way we treat our family sometimes, in the places we push our family to go. I discovered in Jorge and Father a very peculiar father/son relationship, one that was strained but also very deeply emotional for both men; they are the most important men to each other, and yet they let each other down (or have) in a lot of ways too... then they introduced this peculiar mechanism called cinema, which was a means to explore and push each other, and so my intention was to study and try to truly see where this could take them. The film took them across a spectrum (sometimes snapping quickly across that spectrum) of chaos to tender as you said... that is who we are, what we are capable of — snapping all over the place, being dichotomies and contradictions — when we place ourselves at the center of a mechanism (cinema) which rewards raw emotion.


Can you describe the atmosphere on set especially during the emotionally charged scenes? Just from watching, I could sense a heavy silence. The crew seemed to be really moved emotionally by what they had just witnessed.
Well, hopefully you can feel in the film exactly what it felt like - that was my intention. I can say it was too much for some folks, but also that the crew was very patient, brave and willing to let the film go there, too. It was a group-think around aiming for emotional honesty and Father took that very far.

I imagine that you had a ton of footage. Can you tell me something about your editing process? Did you have the documentary mapped out in your head before editing?
Yes, I shoot a lot because I wait a long time for people to kind of betray themselves through the lens. That said, I know pretty immediately what is important to use and what isn't, so there's about 2 Terabytes of footage my editor and I didn't even consider because I knew it wasn't relevant / working towards the central questions I wanted to explore in the film. We edited fast; Juan Soto, my editor, is brilliant. We had a rough cut within 3 weeks - and the first week of that was us watching footage and talking only (not cutting anything yet). My first film was a "figure it out in the edit" thing and I'm so glad I will never do that again, it's torture. Now I love the editing process because it's about seeing again what you knew in your gut (when you listen to yourself) was paramount, and then, for the kinds of films I make which are observational for the most part, it means getting the hell out of the way of the material so that it speaks for itself. It's a pleasure to do that, and it takes time to really get it right -- for the film to form its identity -- but it's time well-spent. I can feel when a film didn't do that time, didn't take that opportunity to let images and sounds speak for themselves, and I usually turn that stuff off immediately, haha, because the magic of film is in listening to THAT - to what the film wants to be. I hope that makes sense.

Did you edit at all in the field?
I prepped/sync'd in the field but didn't edit. I don't allow myself to edit anything (even teasers) while shooting, it's not the time to think of the film that way, rather I think (for me) it's the time to think in the present and discover.

How can we see Jorge’s film?
Jorge's film, “La Fortaleza,” will also be at festivals this year and released at some point by his distributors. We are plotting to somehow pair the films together (festivals are interested in this, showing a double-bill to drum up conversations about the synergy and dichotomy of the two) but we have yet to see now with this topsy turvy year ahead. In any event, the best way to get updates on both films is to follow us on social media @fatherplaysdoc (Facebook, Twitter and Instagram) and follow Jorge's company La Faena on Facebook, too (facebook.com/lafaenafilms).

Click here to purchase tickets for the next online screening of ‘El Father Plays Himself,” which will be shown at noon on Monday, June 2 with additional screenings on Thursday, June 4 and Saturday, June 6.

Click here to watch Scarpelli's video essay for The New Yorker on the vacant streets of Rome during Italy's coronavirus quarantine.

Sunday, May 10, 2020

Chiara Mastroianni on Her Latest Role and Her Father's Films

Actress Chiara Mastroianni talked about her character in Cristophe Honoré’s “On a Magical Night” during a live Q&A hosted by Florence Almozini, Film at Lincoln Center’s Senior Programmer. The film is currently available to stream via Film at Lincoln Center's Virtual Cinema.

In the clip below, I asked a question about Mastroianni's character, Maria, and the qualities of her personality that she wanted to bring out. Another viewer asked which of her father's film are among her favorites. Of course, having a dad like Marcello Mastroianni, the choices are endless.

"On a Magical Night" was originally in the lineup of the annual series, Rendezvous with French Cinema, and both filmmakers were scheduled to attend before the Coronavirus pandemic shut everything down. Hopefully, Film at Lincoln Center will do something similar with Open Roads: New Italian Cinema next month. We’ll keep you posted.


“On a Magical Night” will be available to stream until Thursday, May 14. Click here to watch the full Q&A. 

Friday, May 8, 2020

Archival Videos Reflect Italy's Tumultuous Past

Cesare Zavattini on the set of Vittorio De Sica's "L'oro di Napoli"
The Audiovisual Archive Foundation of the Workers' and Democratic Movement (AAMOD) is a foundation that was established in the late 1970s. Filmmaker Cesare Zavattini oversaw operations during its first 20 years with the main goal of researching, collecting and storing historical audiovisual documents such as cinema, newsreels and multimedia. Much of the content includes documentaries and video essays covering numerous topics such as social movements, catastrophic events, post-war conditions and culture.

In 1983, the archive was declared a place of “considerable historical interest” by the superintendent of the region of Lazio. Over the last decade, many clips have been uploaded to YouTube. Although most of the clips are in Italian without English subtitles, the site is worth looking through if only to see actual video of life in Italy over the last century captured by photojournalists documenting history. Go to http://patrimonio.aamod.it/aamod-web/film and click on the various squares for categorized historic archival videos.

Below are a few that I intend on watching. I have to admit that my Italian is not good enough to understand 100% of the dialogue and narration in these. However, I find the fascinating historical video makes up for any words I can't quite catch.

“Trevico-Torino. Viaggio nel Fiat-Nam” – 1972
Docu-fiction by Ettore Scola about the living conditions southern Italians were forced to endure upon relocating to the FIAT company’s Torino manufacturing plant
Click here to watch it.

"La follia di Zavattini" – 1981
Documentary by Ansano Giannarelli made during the shooting and editing of Cesare Zavattini's 1982 film, "La veritaaaà"
Click here for more information.



"Sirena operaia" – 2000
Documentary by Gianfranco Pannone about factory workers in the 1960s and '70s featuring excerpts from actor Alberto Bellocchio's book "Il Saggiatore"
Click here for more information.



"La tragedia del Vajont" – 1964
Documentary by Luigi Di Gianni about a destructive landslide in northern Italy in 1963
Click here for more information. 



"Così vicino, così lontano" – 1970
Video essay by Romano Scavolini on the neighborhood, Ostiense, located near Rome's Fiumicino Airport
Click here for more information.



"Gli anni del dopoguerra e della guerra fredda" – 1996
An anthology by Carlo Lizzani that traces some of the most dramatic moments of post-WWII Italy
Click here for more information.


I am looking forward to watching these documentaries and will update the list with more clips in the future. Enjoy!

New Films on the Horizon for Two Maestros of Italian Cinema

Two veteran filmmakers are about to begin production on their new projects at Cinecittà studios in Rome – Paolo Taviani with “Leonora Addi...