After graduating from school, Wertmüller played a variety of roles in the movie business. From acting to writing plays to directing, she worked with a number of influential artists during those years including Federico Fellini, Marcello Mastroianni and her future muse, Giancarlo Giannini. In 1962, she landed a career-changing job as an assistant director on Fellini’s 8½ and the following year, made her directorial debut with The Lizards (I basilischi). The film was shot along the border of the southern Italian regions of Basilicata and Puglia, and to this day, is very much revered by the people of the south. The film speaks to the profound poverty of post-war Italy. With her trademark “whistling” music and her simple, yet powerful scenes, I basilischi was Wertmüller’s first in many social statements about the perils of man, the overpopulation and the politics that wreak havoc on the world and contribute to the suffering of the poor.
Her great successes came the following decade when she
teamed up with actor Giancarlo Giannini to churn out four consecutive
spectacular and complex masterpieces, all of which received international
acclaim: The Seduction of Mimi in 1972, Love and Anarchy in 1973, Swept Away in
1974” and Seven Beauties in 1975. In
each of these films, Giancarlo Giannini plays a despicable character but bitter
for good reason. There are numerous opposing forces in her films. For example, the North vs
the South, socialism vs fascism and humility opposed to indifference. The
opposition in her films is harsh. Her characters and their situations are black
and white. There is no indecision.
|Giancarlo Giannini in Seven Beauties|
The most successful of these films is the dark comedy, Seven Beauties. The film earned four Academy Award nominations for Best Foreign Language Film, Best Director, Best Actor in a Leading Role and a writing category that no longer exists- Writing-(Screenplay Written Directly for the Screen--based on factual material or on story material not previously published or produced). Although the film was made in 1975, it received the Oscar nomination in 1976, also the year of Rocky and A Star is Born. Giancarlo Giannini gave a passionate, harrowing performance and deserved his Best Actor nomination. Set in Naples during World War II, Seven Beauties is the story of Pasqualino, a brother always defending the honor of his family. When a pimp forces his sister to work as a prostitute, refusing to marry her and then verbally insulting the family, Pasqualino commits murder and then admits to the murder, saying he did it to protect the honor and name of his family. His lawyer convinces him to plead insanity for a lesser sentence. Desperate to get out of the insane asylum, he volunteers to join the military. What follows is a heart-wrenching account from the trenches of war. As bleak as the story is, Wertmüller and Giannini manage to fit in some serious comedy relief. The film is an artistic testament to the cruelty of mankind and the moral struggle between good and evil. Click here to stream Seven Beauties on Amazon.
|A scene from Love and Anarchy|
At 89-years-old, Lina Wertmüller is still very much relevant today. Last year at the 72nd Venice Film Festival, a young director named Valerio Ruiz presented his documentary film, Behind the White Glasses, which honors the life and work of Wertmüller. Artists like Martin Scorsese, Sophia Loren and Giancarlo Giannini talk about their experiences working with her and the qualities that make her so unique.